In the Nimzo indian, black doesn’t completely give up the center as e6 is played after nf6, helping attack the center and potentially push d5, while of course allowing the bishop to move to b4 and pin the knight. Generally leading to careful central play, or a quick exchange of pieces, this opening is very common to be seen for beginner style play as both sides are playing into all opening chess principles. Black has 2 minor pieces on the back ranks in most scenarios while you have full vision on f7, the weakest square in the game for black. B4 also attacks the c5 square immediately. This opening could transpose into an English if they play c4. This denies any main ideas of the Queen’s Gambit Accepted, but can transpose into it should black decide to later take the c4 pawn. Black will generally try to counter attack on the queenside and advance pawns with a minority attack (2 pawns vs 3). Standard Game Annotation: 1. e4 e5 2. This opens up the h file for the white rook and creates kingside pressure once white castles queenside. When white attempts the queen’s gambit, a strong response is c6 by black. It’s also worth noting that black is most likely to draw (48%) when they respond to e4 with e5. Additionally, white creates an additional attacker on the b5 square should black play a6. This opening can lead into similar King’s Indian variations after some queenside pawn play with the fianchetto of the king side bishop. 1. e4 is the most popular opening out there. Should black decide to not capture the pawn on d4 and instead protect it with d6, black would be giving up his castle after just a few moves. The main goal of black in the French defense centers around the e5 pawn in the advanced variation. Generally the four knights game leads to quiet positional play and can lead to a ton of trades in the center of the board, or general development with increased pieces focused on the board. Even though in most cases, players who understand the opening will actually be better off as black with careful play, the safer Be7 is played in this variation. *Un "Gambit" est un sacrifice de pion, momentané ou durable,dans l'ouverture, ayant pour but d'obtenir: un développement rapide, un avantage d'espace, ou un avantage positionnel. This is why basic opening theory is so important: it saves you time later. This is strong for white, but not impossible to break. D4 is generally followed up with ideas like C4 for the Queen’s Gambit and strong play for white. While not every one of these moves will be even close to the best move, it goes to show that you have to consider more than just what is going on in front of you. The isolated queen pawn is good for white when there are a lot of pieces, but becomes a liability as more and more pieces are traded off. It’s easy to tell when a player is seeing an opening for the first time. The immediate c6 move allows for a similar attack on the center with d5, but also allows your queen to move out in a similar fashion to the Sicilian. Since white can move first, white has the better starting position to capitalize on that position first. Should the knight decide to move twice and attack your bishop with h5, the white bishop should retreat to g3 and allow the knight to take should black decide to do so. All of this is common play and allows me to not think when I play until I see how black responds. Le but est d'écarter le fou du roi de la diagonale a2-g8, tout en préparant une attaque ultérieure de pions. Often black prefers to bring the knight to d7 and link it up with the knight on c6 for a stronger hold on the center. Lichess SCIDvPC (improved SCID) Shane's Chess Information Database (SCID) SCID Tutorial Chess.com Learn to Play Chess Chess Games Chess Maniac The Week in Chess A.J. However, most variations can end up in perfect symmetry (like below) or end up opening the center with black playing for a draw over counter play. Since time is precious, focus on what you are good at now, and expand on it once you have the basic mechanics down. Standard Game Annotation: 1. d4 d5 2. Depending on your response to seeing white open with the Ruy Lopez, you will want to consider how you will defend e5, and how you can trade off material more quickly now that you have an endgame advantage. I know I’ve had someone open with 1.B3 (the nimzowitsch larsen attack) and I just thought, what the heck is this! Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 g6. This attack is so powerful I stopped playing the fried liver altogether. Nc3 Nf6. If you see 2…d6, you should react the way you would if you saw 2…nf6. The most popular variations for the Sicilian include the classical variation, dragon variation (also accelerated and hyper-accelerated dragon), and the najdorf defense (a6), Click to view article on the Najdorf Opening, Standard Game Annotation: 1. e4 c5 2. The Smith-Morra was my first gambit I even played and I used it in tournaments because I was taught the basics of the attack and I was able to maximize my time against opponents quickly, often not using more than a second of my time before move 8, which allowed me more time to think about variations that came up later. With the French, e6 prepares to attack the e4 square with d5, but the Pirc’s d6 only tells white that you don’t wish to immediately attack the center, but would rather prevent e5 ideas and fianchetto your kingside bishop. It is for these reason that the gambit is the most played gambit; white is able to reclaim the pawn rather quickly if black is not careful, thus claiming the position and equal pieces. Standard Game Annotation: 1. d4 d5 2. c4 dxc4. White is often focused on defending d4 and can sometimes miss the attack in e5 if unaware of the opening. IM Eric Rosen compiled a nice study on Lichess that nicely showcases the numerous traps that white can walk into: With that high amount of traps, it’s easy to fall into one if you are unprepared and under time pressure as the white player. There are some games where both bishops are fianchettoed, giving a strong sight of the board for both bishops and more protection. At first glance, this opening seems to be neglecting the basic principles of chess because right after white takes the d5 pawn, the obvious response is Qxd5, moving the queen before any other piece, and right into the center where it can be pushed around. This allows white to play e4 and have the ideal pawn structure with black able to use one less piece to overtake it. Since most new players are taught the basic e4 openings and responses, D4 can catch a lot of players off guard. However, if white takes this pawn, more advanced players choose to develop their knight to f6 rather than take back immediately. Nf3 Nc6 3. This is a main theory however and can occur frequently. A very strong opening for white will be to counter with c4. Black starts off with nf6 to begin one of the indian defenses and white immediate jumps on it with Bg5. Since some players will play f6 to defend e5 being taken by whites dark squared bishop, this opening creates a weakened kingside for black almost right away just with the threat of capturing the center. Black is choosing to delay an attack on the center right away in preparation of developing pieces before a major attack. Junior Championship and GM Joel Benjamin, 56, coasted to victory in the U.S. Senior Championship. Nf3 Nc6 3. Just because they play 1.b3, this doesn’t mean they’re only going to play one specific line. Pushing e5 creates a permanent weakness on d6 unless black can break through with an eventual d5 push. This is because white follows the main principles of chess by attacking the center and preparing to develop the light squared bishop to squares such as c4 and b5, depending on the opening. Aron Nimzowich often played 1 b3 followed by 2 nf3. There are a lot of different ideas behind d4 as opposed to e4. That said, you should have a basic familiarity with chess openings so you’re not surprised by them. B4 helps accomplish more than simply confusing your opponent. G3. The reason is that you created weakened squares next to your pawn that was pushed on either g3 or b3 and removing the bishop removes a protector for those squares. It comes with free engine (Stockfish) analysis, and many other nice features. fun for both sides, normally. In Evan’s Gambit scenarios, you are offering your b4 pawn to be able to push c3 (Guico Piano) with a tempo on the bishop. Nc3 Nf6 4. f3. The Benoni Defense leads to a strange queen’s pawn advanced variation where black can then play the Benko gambit (b5) and attempt to gain control of the center with a tempo to develop the queen side bishop, leading to an attack on the kingside. In other events, GM John Burke, 19, won the U.S. It should be noted that in this opening, your position as black is very cramped as your queen has nowhere to go, d5 cannot be pushed right away, and the light squared bishop is also two moves from development. Studying chess openings is important is because it will help you understand what your plans are, what your opponent wants to accomplish and it will give you more time to think later in the game. You will want to remember to keep your bishop safe and not to trade it away if it is protecting your king, even for a similar squared bishop. Nf3 Nc6 3. The c pawn is also used to attack the d4 square to create a semi open file for the rook on the c pawn. Master games 555 Opening 402 Sicilian defence 160 Endgame 153 Tactics 144 World chess championship 106 Anand, viswanathan 89 Traps 88 Carlsen, magnus 82 Queen's gambit 82 Ruy lopez 79 Beginner 77 … This opening can lead into similar King’s Indian variations after some queenside pawn play with the fianchetto of the king side bishop. , followed by 5362 after White’s second move, then  4,897,256 after 5 moves. Nf3, or the, Chess Openings Can Transpose Into One Another, In the first move of chess, there are only 20 possibilities that white can make. I have never played it myself in a tournament because I haven’t studied it in depth enough to trust it. However, there are a lot more games played that involve other answers to e4 like the Sicilian or the French. This can sometimes include sacrifices on the f7 square with your light squared bishop. However, black does not have to take the pawn and can instead play something like Nc6 of b6 and then Bb7 to reinforce an attack on the center. The hyper-accelerated dragon speeds this process up even further, but can often be punished with the suffocating Maroczy Bind. Doubled pawns and the types of pawn islands you create in the opening can dictate what type of pawn endgame you might find yourself in later. In all honesty, it comes down to what style you are most comfortable with. The reason it can be seen as giving black the game is because should white decide to play 2. Taking less time in the opening is important to save you precious time whether you are participating in over the board tournaments or playing speed chess online. The scandinavian is an opening where black counters e4 with d5, an immediate attack on the center and forcing white to make a more immediate decision right out of the gate. The remainder of the game is highly focused on queenside pawns and the game can follow smoothly to the mid and endgame for both players. While similar to the French Defense, the Caro-Kann doesn’t revolve around pushing c5 to open up the center. This can be an idea in some situations, but not as often as the French. The king’s Indian is an opening where black gives up the center attack in exchange for a fianchetto’d kingside bishop and eventual attack on the center. Some players transition into the Scotch Game with d4 being the next move. benko gambit. Nxd4 a6. It’s a sacrifice giving up the bishop pair to double pawns, but can pay off in the long run. The great thing about playing f5 after d4 is that there is no immediate queen check available and black seemingly has time to develop their kingside knight to c6 to prevent it. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. open b file to fight over. Lichess TV Current games Streamers Broadcasts Video library. Standard Game Annotation: 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 c5 3. d5 b5. are to expedite the action of fianchettoing your bishop. While a lot was covered in this article, it is of course impossible to give an assessment of the best possible opening, or which you should study first. Standard Game Annotation: 1. e4 c5 2. d4 cxd4 3. c3. Nf3 Nc6 3. Nf3 Nc6 3. Nf3 b6. Since Magnus fully understands the game of chess, he can prove that he can play any opening and be able to defeat his opponent. You wouldn’t want to protect the e4 pawn with d3 because you would be giving up your castling position or a pawn after dxe5 and dxe5 then QxQ+. Generally, white will choose to keep black in a cramped position and will not take unless it creates a beneficial position or piece exchange. This variation of the Benoni defense allows black to give up pawns on the queenside in exchange for an open and central controlling minor pieces with an attack on the kingside. Black’s main plan to equalize is to achieve d5 to break in the center. After white plays e4, black answers with d6. This opening often turns into an isolated queen pawn for white, which can be favorable for either side, depending on how many pieces there are. In many cases, if you decide to play the Queen’s gambit accepted, it is generally best to develop instead of retaking the pawn. The two ways to fianchetto your bishops would be queenside and kingside. Players Teams Forum. The Italian game is my personal favorite game and opening to play as white. For a full in depth guide to how to play all variations of Evan’s Gambit, check out this definitive guide. Generally, the Queen’s Indian is played after Nf3 is played by white instead of nc3. It is also worth noting that if black plays c4, which is common in queen’s pawn openings, black helps to limit white’s eventual movement of their king. Standard Game Annotation: 1. e4 c5 2. The first few moves as you can see allow white a strong center, but black has ideas behind attacking it. If white played d4 instead, the threat is not as prevalent and most players won’t count d4 with f6. This immediately gives up a pawn if black accepts the king’s gambit, but it also allows white to capitalize on the f7 pawn, similarly to the Italian game, except in this case white can more easily get his rook on the F file and attack f7 by castling thanks to the semi open file. It really doesn’t follow any main ideas of chess opening theory and instead opts to confuse your opponent. I would recommend this opening if you are starting out as it helps limit black’s quality of moves in the beginning of the game and gives white a more open position. This opening is certainly able to surprise your opponent and give black more lively play in the center and into the midgame. Black opts to attack the center from the side rather than with a central pawn. The development of the knight to c6 isn’t able to be achieved unless white exchanges their C pawn on d5, allowing black to open up. Since black’s plan is to push d5 to equalize, playing c4 makes this extremely hard. In the Ruy Lopez (shown below), I could play e4 first while black plays nc6 on their first move. Some players opt to castle queenside to allow the ability to trade their fianchetto’d bishop if needed. When playing against the Italian Game opening as black, you will want to know what goes into the game. The Hungarian revolves around the immediate fianchetto of your kingside bishop (light squared bishop). Think of the London System as a Queen’s Pawn version of the Italian Game. It’s important to note that just because you don’t play d4 right away, does not mean you might not end up in a queen pawn opening. Chess Championship and its $40,000 1st place prize, with up-and-coming 19-year-old GM Jeffery Xiong garnering $25,000 for 2nd place. If you don’t like traditional black openings and you wish to almost surprise black, then consider the Reti opening as it is very versatile. 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