A leaked UN report in 2009 warned that the blockade was "devastating livelihoods" and causing gradual "de-development". "[162] Writing in Newsweek, journalist Marc Schulman referred to Gaza as "an impoverished proto-state that lives off aid. It was announced in early September 2012. Following the death of Alexander, Gaza, along with Egypt, fell under the administration of the Ptolemaic dynasty, before passing to the Seleucid dynasty after about 200 BCE. ", Museum Offers Gray Gaza a View of Its Dazzling Past, Ethan Bronner, "Gaza families shut down UN summer camps", "Hamas-Run Schools in Gaza Set Out to Teach Hebrew", "Country Comparison: Infant mortality rate", '200 Gazans injured in separate incidents on first day of Eid al-Adha,', "WHO | WHO statement on the situation in the Gaza Strip", "As Bombs Fell in Gaza, a Rich Cactus Lover Could Cultivate Only Patience", "Maymanah Farhat, "Under the Voices of Fire: Artists in Gaza, Gaza opens first Olympic-size swimming pool, السباحة صالة الالعاب الرياضية والساونا في النادي, Ancient Gaza Roadway Still a Vital Resource, "World Report 2015: Israel/Palestine – Events of 2014", "Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics – 2004 Survey of Computer, Internet and Mobile Phone Ownership", "Matt-27:25 in Ancient Christian Writings,", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gaza_Strip&oldid=1002572035, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the flag caption or type parameters, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Articles with minor POV problems from November 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2015, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Articles with failed verification from May 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: CIA Factbook via Index Mundi 2020, Used since 1986; as in Israel, replaced the, This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 01:58. In addition, the missile fired from a drone has its own cameras that allow the operator to observe the target from the moment of firing. [218], From 1987 to 1991, during the First Intifada, Hamas campaigned for the wearing of the hijab head-cover and for other measures (such as the promotion of polygamy, segregating women from men and insisting they stay at home). [128], According to Egyptian authorities, the Army of Islam, a U.S. designated "terrorist organization" based in the Gaza Strip, is responsible for training and supplying many militant organizations and jihadist members in Sinai. [150][151] Foreign Affairs Minister of Israel Tzipi Livni stated in January 2008: "Israel got out of Gaza. The territory is still considered to be occupied by Israel by the United Nations, International human rights organisations, and the majority of governments and legal commentators, despite the 2005 Israeli disengagement from Gaza. [245], Sunni Muslims make up the predominant part of the Palestinian population in the Gaza Strip. [174] As of 2015[update], on a third of Gaza's agricultural land, residents risk Israeli attacks. Both fell under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority,[10] but Gaza has since June 2007 been governed by Hamas, a Palestinian fundamentalist militant Islamic organization[11] which came to power in free elections in 2006. Pursuant to the Oslo Accords signed in 1993, the Palestinian Authority became the administrative body that governed Palestinian population centers while Israel maintained control of the airspace, territorial waters and border crossings with the exception of the land border with Egypt which is controlled by Egypt. The first accurate census, conducted in September 1967, showed a population smaller than had previously been estimated by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) or by Egypt, with nearly half of the people living in refugee camps. [97], After a round of tit-for-tat arrests between Fatah and Hamas in the Gaza Strip and West Bank, the Hilles clan from Gaza were relocated to Jericho on 4 August 2008. as overcrowded. "[100], On 25 November 2008, Israel closed its cargo crossing with Gaza after Qassam rockets were fired into its territory. ), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. The Gaza Strip was the site of escalating violence between the competing groups, and a short-lived coalition government was ended in June 2007 after Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip and a Fatah-led emergency cabinet took control of the West Bank. Officers from Abbas' presidential guard battled Hamas gunmen guarding the Hamas-led Interior Ministry. [225] The farming effort faltered due to limited water supply, Palestinian looting, restrictions on exports, and corruption in the Palestinian Authority. Youth in Gaza are also arrested by security officers for wearing shorts and for showing their legs, which have been described by youth as embarrassing incidents, and one youth explained that "My saggy pants did not harm anyone." Before this mandate ended, the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) in November 1947 accepted a plan for the Arab-Jewish partition of Palestine under which the town of Gaza and an area of surrounding territory were to be allotted to the Arabs. [88] By 14 June, Hamas fully controlled the Gaza Strip. [273], The Gaza Strip has been home to a significant branch of the contemporary Palestinian art movement since the mid 20th century. This downturn was attributed to Israeli closure policies and, to a lesser extent, corruption and mismanagement by Yasser Arafat. Its military wing, the Al-Quds Brigades, has an estimated 8,000 fighters. Many suspected were tortured or shot in the legs. The Gaza–Israel conflict is a part of the localized Israeli–Palestinian conflict, but is also a scene of power struggle between regional powers including Egypt, Iran and Turkey together with Qatar, supporting different sides of the conflict in light of the regional standoff between Iran and Saudi Arabia on one hand and between Qatar and Saudi Arabia on the other, as well as crisis in Egyptian-Turkish relations. [45] The mandate formalized British rule in the southern part of Ottoman Syria from 1923–1948. [189], In January and February 2011, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) assessed measures taken to ease the blockade[190] and concluded that they were helpful but not sufficient to improve the lives of the local inhabitants. [123][121], On 5 June 2014, Fatah signed a unity agreement with the Hamas political party. [259], In 2010, illiteracy among Gazan youth was less than 1%. Ahmed Abu Al-Amreen of the Hamas-run Energy Authority refused it on the grounds that the crossing is operated by Israel and Hamas' fierce opposition to the existence of Israel. Natural resources of Gaza include arable land—about a third of the strip is irrigated. Similarly, as the Nuremberg Tribunal ruled in the case of Wilhelm List and others (the Hostages Case), "an occupation indicates the exercise of governmental authority to the exclusion of the established government", meaning that the local "civil government [should be] eliminated". [251] However, there are no government laws imposing dress and other moral standards, and the Hamas education ministry reversed one effort to impose Islamic dress on students. Al Deira beach is a popular venue for surfers.[239]. With the Agreement on Movement and Access, known as the Rafah Agreement in the same year Israel ended its presence in the Philadelphi Route and transferred responsibility for security arrangements to Egypt and the PA under the supervision of the EU.[69]. The Gaza Strip has rudimentary land line telephone service provided by an open-wire system, as well as extensive mobile telephone services provided by PalTel (Jawwal) and Israeli providers such as Cellcom. As such, the Hamas government in the Gaza Strip resigned, including the prime minister, Ismail Haniyeh. Dunes near the northeastern end of the area are independent militias operating alongside it to develop Crossing has in. Of homes in Rafah were destroyed for the maintenance of civil facilities and services over 40.. To transfer fuel from. [ 165 ] [ 17 ] an extensive Israeli buffer zone Metropolitan.. [ 171 ] in December 2015, Egypt 's Sinai Peninsula demilitarized intensified, negligible! 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