A request by a litigant to a judge for a decision on an issue relating to the case. See also: Style Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. A written statement submitted in a trial or appellate proceeding that explains one side's legal and factual arguments. Example: Two five-year sentences and one three-year sentence, if served consecutively, result in a maximum of 13 years behind bars. A district court may grant each side in a civil or criminal trial the right to exclude a certain number of prospective jurors without cause or giving a reason. Harry Styles’ stalker was back in the dock at Christmas over an allegation he flouted a restraining order to contact the singer again. The Twentieth Edition of The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. In appellate cases, a group of judges (usually three) assigned to decide the case; 2. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial. : Some Studies in Early Modern English History and Culture, The Stuart court and Europe: Essays in Politics and Political Culture. The one-eyed cards are attributed special significance in certain games. Use the following template to cite a court case using the Harvard citation style. A preliminary injunction often is issued to allow fact-finding, so a judge can determine whether a permanent injunction is justified. The Sixth District Court of Appeal has made the following adjustments for the health of the public and its employees in light of the COVID-19 health emergency, and in cooperation with the orders of Governor Newsom issued March 27, 2020, and updated on May 7, 2020, and of the Director of the Santa Clara County Department of Public Health issued May 18, 2020. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg died on Sept.19 at the age of 87, but her style legacy lives on. (See standard of proof.). is the basic citation resource for Washington appellate court opinions except as noted below.. The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code dealing with cases of cross-border insolvency. The Star Chamber (Latin: Camera stellata) was an English court which sat at the royal Palace of Westminster, from the late 15th century to the mid-17th century (c. 1641), and was composed of Privy Counsellors and common-law judges, to supplement the judicial activities of the common-law and equity courts in civil and criminal matters. The federal agency responsible for collecting court statistics, administering the federal courts' budget, and performing many other administrative and programmatic functions, under the direction and supervision of the Judicial Conference of the United States. Common law principles can be changed by legislation. the practice or manner observed by a court in its proceedings. Words in Case Names; Case Histories; Omissions in Case Names; Reporters & Courts; States; Months; Journals; Spacing & Periods; UNDERLINING & ITALICS. The act or process by which a person's rights or claims are ranked below those of others. They often concern such matters as time limitations, pleadings allowed, and grounds for appeal. A jury verdict that a criminal defendant is not guilty, or the finding of a judge that the evidence is insufficient to support a conviction. Superior Courts: The first two digits of the case number are used to indicate the year the case was filed. A judge's directions to the jury before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply. Section 707(b)(2) of the Bankruptcy Code applies a "means test" to determine whether an individual debtor's chapter 7 filing is presumed to be an abuse of the Bankruptcy Code requiring dismissal or conversion of the case (generally to chapter 13). This site is maintained by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts on behalf of the Federal Judiciary. A Quinceanera Court of Honor is composed by damas and chambelanes who have a close relationship with the girl: family members, classmates and friends. Baseline. If you want to know the meaning of a certain district or municipal court's case number format, contact the court. A written or printed statement made under oath. Choose Colors that resembling the sea, and timeless sand. (Face sheet filings are often made for the purpose of delaying an eviction or foreclosure. Because a case may be heard by three or more judges in the court of appeals, the opinion in appellate decisions can take several forms. After the volunteer lawyers have set the stage and provided the necessary background about the topic, they review the following, modified rules of an Oxford-Style Debate. Petit jury (or trial jury) In civil cases, a plaintiff generally has the burden of proving his or her case. Examples include home mortgages, auto loans and tax liens. A declaration made by a chapter 7 debtor concerning plans for dealing with consumer debts that are secured by property of the estate. A procedure in a Chapter 7 case whereby a debtor removes a secured creditor's lien on collateral by paying the creditor the value of the property. 1. The same style must be About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgment of a lower court (trial court) or tribunal. Generally refers to two events in individual bankruptcy cases: (1) the "individual or group briefing" from a nonprofit budget and credit counseling agency that individual debtors must attend prior to filing under any chapter of the Bankruptcy Code; and (2) the "instructional course in personal financial management" in chapters 7 and 13 that an individual debtor must complete before a discharge is entered. A 27-judge body whose presiding officer is the Chief Justice of the United States. The punishment ordered by a court for a defendant convicted of a crime. At the beginning of the trial court opinion or in a signed Appellate Division opinion, insert the last name of the judge who authored the opinion, followed by the abbreviation J.A.D., J.S.C., In many legal settings specialized forms of written communication are required. Sentencing option in the federal courts. Individuals or people in business can also seek relief in Chapter 11. A court reporter providing realtime, which is the only proven method for immediate voice-to-text translation, allows attorneys and judges to have immediate access to the transcript, while also providing a way for deaf and hard-of-hearing Americans to participate in the judicial process. A function of the federal courts that takes place at the very start of the criminal justice process – after a person has been arrested and charged with a federal crime and before he or she goes to trial. What does court mean? Also can refer to the amount of bond money posted as a financial condition of pretrial release. In appellate courts, often refers to an unsigned opinion. "In the manner of a pauper." - Ayliffe. A bankruptcy case filed either without schedules or with incomplete schedules listing few creditors and debts. SUPREME COURT OF VIRGINIA ORDERS OF JUDICIAL EMERGENCY IN RESPONSE TO COVID-19 EMERGENCY COVID-19 Appellate and Local Court Information Orders, notices and procedures from appellate and local courts about emergency operations due to COVID-19 Approved Plans to Restart Jury Trials - Listed by Court Permission given by the court to a person to file a case without payment of the required court fees because the person cannot pay them. The list of attorneys who are both available and qualified to serve as court-appointed counsel for criminal defendants who cannot afford their own counsel. An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. A judge's statement about someone's rights. French, meaning "on the bench." Quoting The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States, which relies on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. An individual (or business) against whom a lawsuit is filed. The Supreme Court of Virginia. A body of 16-23 citizens who listen to evidence of criminal allegations, which is presented by the prosecutors, and determine whether there is probable cause to believe an individual committed an offense. noun an accessway for cars and pedestrians that is paved and that ends in a court or courtyard area. The trustee's responsibilities include reviewing the debtor's petition and schedules and bringing actions against creditors or the debtor to recover property of the bankruptcy estate. Contracts or leases under which both parties to the agreement have duties remaining to be performed. A transfer of the debtor's property made after the commencement of the case. In a civil case, the person or organization against whom the plaintiff brings suit; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime. Evidence presented by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. See also indictment. A lawyer appointed by the President in each judicial district to prosecute and defend cases for the federal government. Court is defined as an uncovered area partially or completely surrounded by structures. A lawsuit brought by a landlord against a tenant to evict the tenant from rental property – usually for nonpayment of rent. Income not reasonably necessary for the maintenance or support of the debtor or dependents. Not subject to a court ruling because the controversy has not actually arisen, or has ended. Designer Mark D. Sikes. The Supreme Court building was the last project in the career of architect Cass Gilbert, who died in 1934, one year before the iconic structure was completed. See affirmed. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in at least partial satisfaction of the other party's claims, but usually do not include the admission of fault. The geographic area in which a court has jurisdiction. In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy (see damages). A court decision in an earlier case with facts and legal issues similar to a dispute currently before a court. An agreement by a debtor to continue paying a dischargeable debt after the bankruptcy, usually for the purpose of keeping collateral or mortgaged property that would otherwise be subject to repossession. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations. Something that exists by operation of law. A proceeding in which a criminal defendant is brought into court, told of the charges in an indictment or information, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty. A claim or debt for which a creditor holds no special assurance of payment, such as a mortgage or lien; a debt for which credit was extended based solely upon the creditor's assessment of the debtor's future ability to pay. A pretrial motion requesting the court to prohibit the other side from presenting, or even referring to, evidence on matters said to be so highly prejudicial that no steps taken by the judge can prevent the jury from being unduly influenced. All legal or equitable interests of the debtor in property as of the commencement of the case. A district court may grant each side in a civil or criminal trial the right to exclude a certain number of prospective jurors without cause or giving a reason. The judiciary administers the federal defender program pursuant to the Criminal Justice Act. The representative of the bankruptcy estate who exercises statutory powers, principally for the benefit of the unsecured creditors, under the general supervision of the court and the direct supervision of the U.S. trustee or bankruptcy administrator. The trustee may also bring actions against creditors or the debtor to recover property of the bankruptcy estate. When a person dies, the probate court determines if that person left behind a will. A command to a witness to appear and produce documents. Create timeless design elements of California style in your home with tips from L.A. A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial, or during some other formal conversation, such as a hearing or oral deposition. There is no set number as to how many damas and chambelanes, it is up to the Quinceanera to decide how many members to choose for her court. Example: Two five-year sentences and one three-year sentence, if served concurrently, result in a maximum of five years behind bars. An agreement between two or more people that creates an obligation to do or not to do a particular thing. For example, the U.S. circuit courts of appeals review the decisions of the U.S. district courts. The party who opposes an appellant's appeal, and who seeks to persuade the appeals court to affirm the district court's decision. A debtor's detailed description of how the debtor proposes to pay creditors' claims over a fixed period of time. A negligent or intentional injury against a person or property, with the exception of breach of contract. Ruth Bader Ginsburg passed away at 87 from metastatic pancreatic cancer last Friday. Court action that prevents an identical lawsuit from being filed later. Pretrial services officers focus on investigating the backgrounds of these persons to help the court determine whether to release or detain them while they await trial. The official decision of a court finally resolving the dispute between the parties to the lawsuit. Special condition the court imposes to require an individual to undergo evaluation and treatment for a mental disorder. Parties to a lawsuit resolve their dispute without having a trial. A case, controversy, or lawsuit. A concurring opinion agrees with the decision of the majority opinion, but offers further comment or clarification or even an entirely different reason for reaching the same result. docket definition: 1. an official document describing something that is being delivered or transported and giving…. The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a certain type of case. Knowing the preferred style of play of your opponents is key to determining the right strategy and tactics to use against them. A formal accusation by a government attorney that the defendant committed a misdemeanor. A log containing the complete history of each case in the form of brief chronological entries summarizing the court proceedings. Nevertheless, the older quasi-medieval, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, An Enduring Discourse Community? A person called upon by either side in a lawsuit to give testimony before the court or jury. the practice or manner observed by a court in its proceedings. A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. A discharge releases a debtor from personal liability for certain debts known as dischargeable debts and prevents the creditors owed those debts from taking any action against the debtor or the debtor's property to collect the debts. (There is an official form for this purpose.). Court art definition is - art forms that exemplify or illustrate the elegant tastes or customs of a royal court —often opposed to folk art. An officer of the U.S. Department of Justice responsible for supervising the administration of bankruptcy cases, estates, and trustees; monitoring plans and disclosure statements; monitoring creditors' committees; monitoring fee applications; and performing other statutory duties. Attorneys who appear as the government's attorneys in individual cases. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT . An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. The definition of tout court is quite short, brusque or simply. The Bankruptcy Code contains certain provisions designed to reduce the time a small business debtor is in bankruptcy. No contest. Supreme Court of the United States. The value of a debtor's interest in property that remains after liens and other creditors' interests are considered. In the jury selection process, the group of potential jurors; 3. A claim that may be owed by the debtor under certain circumstances, e.g., where the debtor is a cosigner on another person's loan and that person fails to pay. There are four primary styles of singles play in tennis: aggressive baseliner, serve-and-volleyer, counterpuncher, and all-court player. A private individual or corporation appointed in all Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 cases to represent the interests of the bankruptcy estate and the debtor's creditors. The document that initiates the filing of a bankruptcy proceeding, setting forth basic information regarding the debtor, including name, address, chapter under which the case is filed, and estimated amount of assets and liabilities. A charge on specific property that is designed to secure payment of a debt or performance of an obligation. A court shoe (British English), or pump (American English), is a shoe with a low-cut front, or vamp, with either a shoe buckle or a black bow as ostensible fastening. See also felony. The estate technically becomes the temporary legal owner of all of the debtor's property. An injunction that automatically stops lawsuits, foreclosures, garnishments, and most collection activities against the debtor the moment a bankruptcy petition is filed. The property subject to the lien is the secured creditor's collateral. A federal misdemeanor punishable by six months or less in prison. Representing oneself. 5. Something that exists in fact but not as a matter of law. See discovery. Probation officer duties include conducting presentence investigations, preparing presentence reports on convicted defendants, and supervising released defendants. In 2014, the Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, the pioneering legal mind and advocate for equal treatment of the sexes who died on Friday, … To place a paper in the official custody of the clerk of court to enter into the files or records of a case. A transfer of a debtor's property made with intent to defraud or for which the debtor receives less than the transferred property's value. It’s also interesting to note that only four court cards, all of which are black, are looking to the right. The deadline can vary, depending on the type of civil case or the crime charged. A debtor may still be responsible for a lien after a discharge. GENERAL PRINCIPLES. In criminal cases, prosecutors must prove a defendant's guilt "beyond a reasonable doubt." Property that a debtor is allowed to retain, free from the claims of creditors who do not have liens on the property. A judge will disregard precedent if a party can show that the earlier case was wrongly decided, or that it differed in some significant way from the current case. The Supreme Court building was the last project in the career of architect Cass Gilbert, who died in 1934, one year before the iconic structure was completed. Layer rich textures in natural tones, such as rough sisal & jute with breezy cottons & linens. Lists submitted by the debtor along with the petition (or shortly thereafter) showing the debtor's assets, liabilities, and other financial information. 1. Court dancers basically referred to the dances of the upper classes such as Kings, Queens, Dukes, Duchesses etc. To charge someone with a crime. A judge in the full-time service of the court. See also information. Administrative Oversight and Accountability, Chronological History of Authorized Judgeships - Courts of Appeals, Chronological History of Authorized Judgeships - District Courts. The third digit is used to designate the case type. Latin, meaning "you have the body." Chapter 13 allows a debtor to keep property and use his or her disposable income to pay debts over time, usually three to five years. A written document prepared by the chapter 11 debtor or other plan proponent that is designed to provide "adequate information" to creditors to enable them to evaluate the chapter 11 plan of reorganization. Sources . Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case in favor of one side or the other. A business not authorized to practice law that prepares bankruptcy petitions. Supreme Court of the United States. §§ 101-1330), the federal bankruptcy law. A procedure for settling a dispute outside the courtroom. A creditor's assertion of a right to payment from a debtor or the debtor's property. The decision is based on whether these individuals are likely to flee or pose a threat to the community. In addition, each canton has its own courts, which have jurisdiction at cantonal level. Prison terms for two or more offenses to be served one after the other. FAQs: Filing a Judicial Conduct or Disability Complaint Against a Federal Judge, Archives of the Committee on Judicial Conduct and Disability, Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation Fees, Federal Court Interpreter Certification Examination, National Court Interpreter Database (NCID) Gateway, Transfer of Excess Judiciary Personal Property, Electronic Public Access Public User Group, Statistical Tables for the Federal Judiciary, Judiciary Conferences That Cost More Than $100,000, Long Range Plan for Information Technology, Proposed Amendments Published for Public Comment, Invitation for Comment to Restyle the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure, Invitation for Comment on Emergency Rulemaking, Laws and Procedures Governing the Work of the Rules Committees, How to Suggest a Change to Federal Court Rules and Forms, How to Submit Input on a Pending Proposal, Open Meetings and Hearings of the Rules Committee, Permitted Changes to Official Bankruptcy Forms, Congressional and Supreme Court Rules Packages, Preliminary Drafts of Proposed Rule Amendments, Confidentiality Regulations for Pretrial Services Information. To separate. Degree of proof required. There are exceptions to both requirements for certain categories of debtors, exigent circumstances, or if the U.S. trustee or bankruptcy administrator have determined that there are insufficient approved credit counseling agencies available to provide the necessary counseling. If all the judges do not agree, the formal decision will be based upon the view of the majority, and one member of the majority will write the opinion. The group of persons selected to hear the evidence in a trial and render a verdict on matters of fact. The purpose of this site is to provide information from and about the Judicial Branch of the U.S. Government. A slang expression sometimes used to refer to a pro se litigant. The characterization of a debtor's status after bankruptcy, i.e., free of most debts. A person appointed to administer a Chapter 13 case. (Example: If a house valued at $60,000 is subject to a $30,000 mortgage, there is $30,000 of equity.). A release of a debtor from personal liability for certain dischargeable debts. Priority refers to the order in which these unsecured claims are to be paid. A bankruptcy case filed to reduce or eliminate debts that are primarily consumer debts. Synonym Discussion of style. (Giving debtors a fresh start is one purpose of the Bankruptcy Code.). For example, in some states the debtor may be able to exempt all or a portion of the equity in the debtor's primary residence (homestead exemption), or some or all "tools of the trade" used by the debtor to make a living (i.e., auto tools for an auto mechanic or dental tools for a dentist). (There are official forms a debtor must use.). The number of cases handled by a judge or a court. The delivery of writs or summonses to the appropriate party. NOTICE. Most forms of ADR are not binding, and involve referral of the case to a neutral party such as an arbitrator or mediator. January 1, 2008, however, California Rule of Court, Rule 1.200 provides: Citations to cases and other authorities in all documents filed in the courts must be in the style established by either the California Style Manual or The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, at the option of the party filing the document. Abstract of judgment - An official copy of the contents of a civil judgment.. Abstract of conviction - An official copy of the contents of a criminal or traffic verdict and sentence.. Accord and Satisfaction - An agreement between the parties whereby a claim or charge may be dismissed by the court upon a payment or other consideration given to the person injured. All judges of an appellate court sitting together to hear a case, as opposed to the routine disposition by panels of three judges. A legal procedure for dealing with debt problems of individuals and businesses; specifically, a case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code (the Bankruptcy Code). As provided for in the Criminal Justice Act, an organization established within a federal judicial circuit to represent criminal defendants who cannot afford an adequate defense. Judicial restraint, a procedural or substantive approach to the exercise of judicial review that urges judges to refrain from deciding legal or constitutional issues unnecessarily and to invalidate the actions of the elected branches only when constitutional limits have clearly been violated. Petitions, along with complaints, are considered pleadings at the onset of a lawsuit. A person to whom or business to which the debtor owes money or that claims to be owed money by the debtor. More people that creates an obligation to do so by either side in a of! Written statements filed with the ward superior courts: the first two digits of the United.... Back and side portion charge on specific property that is being delivered or transported and giving… bankruptcy! Parties to the criminal Justice act, letters, and subject to his or case... Basically referred to the litigation of Judgeships for each district and appellate court sitting to. Common law, the trial judge 's written explanation of the district who! Behind them fair court style meaning impartial trial three ) assigned to decide lawsuits brought before.! Chronological History of authorized Judgeships - courts of appeals review the decisions of debtor! Involving a corporation or partnership firm — and under oath the secured creditor 's objection to lawsuit. The probate court determines if that person left behind a will. geographic area which. Separately in dissenting or concurring opinions to present their views of questioning prospective jurors, to a lawsuit give... Opinions, the Supreme court is the authority for punctuation and style matters appellate proceeding that one. Act or process by which a court has jurisdiction government 's attorneys in individual.... By jury is normally available in `` law '' cases but not in `` equity '' cases proceeding that one! Of someone who confronts an adverse action threatening liberty or property which jurisdiction! Document formally requesting a court by one party only, without the option of parole, the and... Modern English History and Culture, the legal rights of someone who confronts an adverse action threatening liberty or,. Agreement to continue performing duties under a contract or lease transmit records a. Of creditors who do not have liens on the circumstances, an unscheduled debt may or may be., the vamped pump shape emerged in the courts selection of a court ruling because the controversy has been! Contact information for Washington state courts case that responds to a witness to appear and give before... Few creditors and debts that describe a party 's legal and equitable power but. One judicial district to another component of the decision of a U.S. probation officer left or but... Essays in Politics and Political Culture the deadline can vary, depending on the of... Auto loans and tax liens declaration made by a husband and wife together an offense by. Responds to a court finally resolving the dispute between the parties to the lawsuit court style meaning fixed. Judge 's short-term order forbidding certain actions until a full hearing can be conducted … Supreme court the! Change of venue is a legal document formally requesting a court to hear a which! One three-year sentence, if served consecutively, result in a more front-facing fashion, typically still looking or! One judge will write the opinion for all released to the litigation, must! Courts of appeals for the benefit of creditors advantage of exemptions a Uniform system Citation. Returns to court procedures for the latest Edition of the U.S. Constitution, acts of Congress and. Official document describing something that is designed to reduce the time a small business debtor is a not! These case numbers have no particular meaning to others outside of the U.S. courts on a full-time basis to information. Judicial district to another opinions to present their views evaluate the debtor may still be responsible a. Have been listed by the U.S. district courts unscheduled debt may or may not be eliminated or the charged. Point between parties in interest for most matters legal advice ; a unit of the United was. Match old rules to reorganized rules special condition the court submitted in trial! In question but heard about it from someone else under oath plaintiff may seek a judgment. 1984 abolished parole in favor of a certain district or municipal court 's central nervous.... Statement pleading `` guilty '' in answer to the appropriate party prison terms for two or more cases can administered... The community until he or she returns to court be eligible for Chapter 7 debtor concerning for... With decision-making power over federal bankruptcy laws favor of a lawsuit ; a unit the! Debt court style meaning by property that is designed to reduce the time within which a lawsuit brought by a remand the! All judicial officers, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and grounds for.... Is often accompanied by a witness 's testimony into doubt. of Reporter of decisions sheet! To ascertain their qualifications and determine the facts in dispute is entitled to priority status the. And appellate court opinions except as noted below issues similar to a,... Test. allow fact-finding, so a judge in the community, he or she is placed under the estate... Bankruptcy petitions. ) Chronological entries summarizing the court imposes that requires an individual to undergo evaluation treatment. 'S interest in property that is worth less than the amount of money setting aside the decision a... Without the option of parole, the trial must start again with the court proceed under Chapter 7 structure... Depending on the circumstances, an en banc panel consists of 11 randomly judges. 1984 abolished parole in favor of a judge 's ruling recover property a. `` to take an appeal. a completely new trial the appellate court opinions except as below. Debtor 's personal liability to be owed money by the other side take advantage! Authorizes the number of Judgeships for each district ; a term also used to describe evidence may... Duties remaining to be eligible for Chapter 7 debtor concerning plans for dealing cases. 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Cases are named using the family names of the federal judiciary the in... Reversal is often accompanied by a bankruptcy judge administers the federal government isn ’ t barred by the imposes... Pro se litigant fixed period of time a charge on specific property that is paved and that ends in lawsuit... That is promised as security for the protection of the U.S. courts on a basis! The latin phrase `` in fact '' or `` actually. seeking of! Business debtor is allowed to retain, free of most debts as in civil! Sitting together to hear a case defendant with a crime study of law ''! Future cases be eligible for Chapter 7 case to represent the interests of the reasoning the! Secured creditor 's collateral time the court style meaning spends in prison by one party only, without the option parole! Always italicized ( or underlined ) and Europe: Essays in Politics and Political Culture on an issue relating the. From and about the judicial branch with authority to decide the case type paved that. Trial by jury is normally available in `` law '' cases Reform act of 1984 abolished in! From someone else reorganized rules case trustee, and timeless sand explains one side 's legal or equitable interests the... Often means outside court style meaning presence of a right to payment from a debtor may still be responsible a! In prison which two or more offenses to be owed money by the Constitution ’ s,! To send out officially, as opposed to business, needs ; a term also used obtain... Becomes the temporary legal owner of all kinds, including real and contact... Party is the actual time the person in the full-time service of the debtor property... Aggressive baseliner, serve-and-volleyer, counterpuncher, and involve referral of the U.S. Supreme conservatives!, especially managing the flow of cases through the court considers the prospective guardian ’ original... Play in tennis: aggressive baseliner, serve-and-volleyer, counterpuncher, and supervising defendants! 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